Rectal Cancer Symptoms and Early Signs
Understanding rectal cancer symptoms and early signs properly may help in maximizing the life expectancy of the victim considerably and may also minimize the complications that may arise due to progression of tumors in the advanced stages. Rectal cancer has a high tendency to spread on other areas of the body and recognizing the early signs at right time may benefit in proper and reliable treatment of tumors. Chances of elimination of tumors are high if identified in the initial phases.
Understanding rectal cancer symptoms and early signs
Rectal cancer is a major form of cancer developing in the rectum. Rectum is the lower part of the colon and helps in sorting nutrients like proteins, fats, vitamins, water and carbohydrates from the food-stuff. Rectum is also closely related to anus and abdominal areas. Hence, any irregularities in the rectal areas directly affect the functioning of bowels, anus and colon.
Cancerous development in the rectum generally means the invasion of healthy tissues and cells by the cancerous ones. Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of rectal cancer accounting for more than 95% of the overall cases. This type of cancerous development usually occurs in the glandular area or the surface tissues and cells of the rectum. The tumors or malignant cells penetrate further with an increase in the stage of the disease.
Cancerous development in the rectum progresses in stages. First stage is the most moderate one as the infected cells limit themselves to a particular area and do not show any tendency to spread. In the later stages, the cancerous cells develop quickly and form tumors in various areas of the body simultaneously. Symptoms of the disease may vary according to stages and their intensity as well as nature may also alter accordingly.
Understanding symptoms of rectal cancer help in proper diagnosis and also assist in making out the stage in which the malignant growth has progressed. Cancer treatments are quite stern and time-consuming. Overdose of medicines or inefficient pattern of treatment may put a severe impact on the normal functioning of the person's body. As the rectum is a vital organ of digestive system, cancerous growth in rectal areas may affect the overall digestion process and cause consistent fatigue and abdominal pains to the victim.
Proper interpretation of symptoms also increases the chances of elimination of tumors right in the early stages. The cancer has a high survival rate of more than 90% if detected in the early phases and treated properly in time. The rate decreases to less than 25% if the disease progresses into advanced stages. Also, curing the tumors gets complicated with the passage of time and may lead to many other health complications preventing the victim from performing even the regular activities.
Important rectal cancer symptoms and early signs
Rectal cancer is easy to detect if the symptoms are understood and examined thoroughly in time. Regular medical examination of body is extremely important to detect even the slightest abnormalities in cell behavior in the rectal or other areas adjacent to it. Blood in stools is the prime symptom of cancerous growth in the rectum. The symptom is also common with many other non-cancerous health disorders and a thorough medical examination is very important to confirm the presence of tumors.
Pains during stools should not be ignored as they may arise due to obstruction caused by lump- formation in the rectum. If not treated in time, the lumps may also cause irregularities in the bowel movement and disturb the whole digestive system.
Frequent fatigue is also an important sign of cell abnormalities in the rectal areas. Proper medical examination is necessary to find the exact cause of fatigue.
Unexpected weight loss is common with many health disorders but the chances of losing weight due to cancerous development cannot be ignored.
Irregular bowel habit is one of the most important early signs of rectal cancer. Change in bowel movements indicate the spread of tumor cells to the bowel or areas adjacent to it and may cause considerable damage if not treated in time. Diarrhea, anemia and constipation must not be ignored and should be diagnosed properly if not cured by normal medication.
Abdominal pains and pains in stomach can be severe if caused due to malignant infection. Some may also experience frequent vomiting and digestion problems.
Early signs of rectal cancer can be diagnosed for cancerous detection using various diagnosis techniques like fecal occult blood test, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, Digital Rectal Exam (DRE), sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy and computed tomography (CT) scan. Smoking, alcoholism, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), tobacco consumption, weak immune system and consumption of diet rich in fats and red meat should be avoided to stay away from cancerous growth in the rectal areas.
Rectal cancer symptoms and early signs contribute considerably in increasing the survival rate and life expectancy of the patient if interpreted in the right manner. They also help to identify the exact stage of cancerous growth and help in planning the treatment pattern accordingly. Symptoms should not be taken lightly as they are the prime early signs of cell abnormalities. It is better to tackle the disease before the tumors begin to metastasize. This ensures not only a reliable and apt treatment for cancerous infection but also minimizes the sufferings of the victim and helps in fast and systematic recovery.