Cancer » Sarcoma Cancer
Sarcoma cancer is one of the most severe types of cancers as it develops in the tissues inter-connecting various organs. Hence, the cancerous cells may originate in almost any areas of the body and metastasize later. Sarcoma, most commonly, develops in the tissues of bones, muscles, fats, cartilage, skin and vascular areas. Anyone may suffer from this cancer and is not limited to any specific age, ethnicity, sex or region.
Know about sarcoma cancer
In the cancer of sarcoma, the cancerous or malignant cells mainly target the tissues responsible to inter-link various organs. These tissues may be present in various areas like the bones, lymph nodes, blood vessels or muscles. Cancer originating in the soft tissues of the body is also known as soft tissue sarcoma. Osteosarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma and chondrosarcoma are some of the common types of sarcoma. Bone sarcoma is the most common type of sarcoma and is more prevalent in children and young people as compared to adults.
The cancerous cells initiate the infection by attacking the tissues present in the target areas and destroy them severely. Tissues are responsible to supply vital resources to body and ensure systematic growth of cells. Invading such tissues helps the malignant or cancerous cells to develop more easily and rapidly and without any considerable resistance from the body cells. Some of the tissues are also responsible for generation of antibodies and attacking such tissues severely impacts the person's immune system.
The cancerous cells also disturb the normal cells and force them to behave abnormally. Lack of sufficient resources due to inefficient functioning of tissues also makes the normal cells more susceptible to cancerous infection. Soft tissue sarcoma and bone sarcoma are the two main types of sarcoma cancer. The intensity and spread of the cancerous infection may depend upon the location of the origin of cancerous cells.
Cancerous cells not only disturb the normal cells but also force them to divide and grow excessively and abnormally. Also, the normal old cells are disallowed to die in the usual manner. This leads to a considerable increase in the number of excessive and unnecessary cells. These excess cells later form groups and gather in the infected region to form tumors. Tumors are also known as lump and can be cancerous or non-cancerous (benign).
Non-cancerous or benign tumors are usually harmless to the body as they rarely metastasize. Also, they do not invade tissues and cells or force them to behave and grow abnormally. Elimination of non-cancerous tumors is easy as they do not grow or spread rapidly. Surgery is the most common medical treatment to curb benign tumors. On the contrary, cancerous tumors are very dangerous to the body cells and tissues and can be fatal. They metastasize rapidly and spread to various areas of the body through bloodstream and lymph nodes.
Eliminating cancerous tumors is a complicated task as they can recur easily and form separate tumors in the areas they infect. Benign tumors show very little tendency to redevelop and are comparatively less infectious. Biopsy, endoscopy and positron emission tomography (PET) test are some of the basic tests to detect and diagnose the nature and intensity of tumors. It is necessary to do a thorough diagnosis of the tumor before deciding whether it is benign or cancerous. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and X-rays are also very useful in finding tumors. Benign or non-cancerous tumors must not be ignored as they carry the risk of turning into the cancerous ones.
Fight sarcoma cancer
Cancer of the sarcomas should be taken seriously as it develops mainly in the joint. If the tumors are not detected and treated in time, the victim may suffer serious joint pains and difficulties in normal body movements.
Though age is not a major factor in making a person prone to cancer, most of the cases diagnosed worldwide have occurred in the people above 28-30 years of age. Hence, young people should contact a doctor immediately for any joint pains or pains in bones. Also, easy breaking or cracking of bones without any considerable impact is a sign of development of cancerous cells in the bones.
Smoking is not a direct major cause of the disease but can make you more susceptible to the same. Also, chewing of tobacco and excess consumption of alcohol should be prevented as it may damage your internal body severely. Persons with a family history of the disease are also highly vulnerable to the disease as the disorders can be hereditary and pass genetically from one generation to another.
A strong immune system can be very advantageous to protect you from cancerous infection. Weak immune system actually creates an environment suitable for the malignant cells to develop tumors without any effective opposition. Balanced diet with food rich in nutrients is necessary. Vegetables, fruits and salads should be consumed daily to make your body more resistant to infections and other abnormalities. Persons who have undergone radiotherapy in the past have a slightly higher risk of being infected by the cancer of sarcomas. Excess exposure to vinyl chloride is disadvantageous and makes a person more susceptible to the abnormalities in the body cells and tissues. Internal infections and injuries in the joints must be treated urgently as the cancerous cells may primarily target such unhealthy cells and tissues.
Sarcoma cancer is curable if detected in time and treated in the right manner. Treatment by radiation and chemicals is recommended only when the cancer has already reached the advanced stages. Surgery is the most general kind of treatment if the cancer is in the initial stages and shows a low tendency to metastasize. One must consult a cancer specialist before opting for a kind of treatment. Some of the treatments are very strong and have considerably high number of side effects. Also, the damage is irreversible. The line of treatment may vary from person to person depending upon the nature of cancerous tumor and his ability to sustain the treatment.