Sarcoma Cancer Causes

Cancer » Sarcoma Cancer » Sarcoma Cancer Causes

The exact sarcoma cancer causes are yet unknown. However, research for sarcoma cancer is ongoing. Sarcoma cancer has been classified as bone cancer and soft tissue cancer. This is believed to be affecting people over the age of 30, however, even children and teenagers may be at risk. Sarcoma cancer mostly affects the body parts such as arms, fat, muscles, hands, feet, legs, joint areas etc. Most of the time sarcoma cancer goes unnoticed until it shows some obvious signs, like unusual swelling and pain. In some cases, the reason for sarcoma cancer has been attributed to genetic problems. The heredity problems don't actually lead to cancer in the initial stage but it is likely to make the cell fragile enough to develop further genetic mutation and turn into a tumor. However, there exists a cancer named, Kaposi's sarcoma cancer which is known to attack the blood vessels and people living with HIV/AIDS usually fall prey to it. There are other genetic conditions which can cause sarcoma cancer like, retinoblastoma or neurofibromatosis, li fraumeni syndrome, gardener syndrome etc.

Some of the factors that play a role in sarcoma cancer causes are as follows:

  • Family History: Some sarcoma cancers are known to be genetically acquired. Such disorders are as follows:

    • Retinoblastoma or Neurofibromatosis: This is a kind of eye cancer that is genetically acquired. Mostly children become the victim of this. The existence of retinoblastoma or neurofibromatosis also increases the chance of developing soft tissue sarcoma cancer and bone cancer in future..
    • Li Fraumeni Syndrome: People with li fraumeni syndrome run greater risk of contracting brain tumor, breast cancer and other cancers. People with this disorder are also at risk of getting soft tissue sarcoma cancer.
    • Neurofibromatosis: This type of genetic disorder leads cancer cells to form under the nerve of the skin and other parts as well. People with this heredity problem are prone to getting a rare type of sarcoma cancer called, Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor (MPNST). As per sarcoma cancer statistics, about 15% people suffering with neurofibromatosis also become victim of MPNST.

  • Defective Immunity: A type of sarcoma cancer called, Kaposi's sarcoma affects the people already suffering with HIV/AIDS. This sarcoma cancer easily penetrates the cells in blood vessels of those who have a defective immune system. Someone with HIV/AIDS who also has Kaposi's sarcoma will also possibly contract an infection named Human Herpes Virus-8. Any person with lowered immunity is likely to have this infection.

  • Age: The older the person the greater the risk of catching sarcoma cancer. However, sarcoma cancer can also develop in children and teenagers.

  • Chemical: Increased exposure to chemicals can also make a person vulnerable to sarcoma cancer. Chemicals such as, vinyl chloride, chlorophenols and dioxins may cause sarcoma cancer

  • Radiation: Exposure to radiation therapy that uses high energy beams may also make one prone to catch sarcoma cancer later on. Even though, the person might have undergone the therapy for some other cancer, the side effects may cause a subsequent result as sarcoma cancer as the high radiation may also damage the healthy tissues alongside the cancer cells. However, the person doesn't immediately develop sarcoma cancer, not at least before 20 to 30 years after having had the radiation therapy. However, these days radiation therapy uses very precise strategy and is less likely to harm other healthy tissues.

  • Smoking: Although it's not clear whether smoking causes one to develop sarcoma cancer, an American study has revealed that the smokers are at greater risk to die of this disease than their non smoker friends.

  • Diabetes: As per a study, people with diabetes are likely to have Kaposi's sarcoma cancer.

The sarcoma cancer causes are yet to be ascertained. The scientists are doing the research, so one can remain hopeful. The outcome of the research is expected to make things a lot easier in terms of sarcoma cancer diagnosis and further treatment. It would also be helpful to develop the drugs that could cure people of this disease.

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