Testicular Cancer Recurrence
Testicular cancer recurrence is not a common concern and may occur only in selected cases where the pattern of treatment was not according to the suitability of the victim. Recurrence may be quite risky for the patient as it requires him to undergo the whole process of detection and treatment for the second time.
What is testicular cancer recurrence?
Testicular cancer is a kind of polyp generation in the testicles and has a tendency to metastasize. It may spread to some of the vital areas like the scrotum, penis, lungs, abdominal areas or the prostate. Metastasis of tumors increases the severity of the disease and decreases the body resistance of the victim to fight the infection effectively. It also creates separate tumors in the areas it infects and thus, makes the diagnosis process time-consuming and complicated.
Testicular cancer can be of two main types- primary and secondary. Primary cancer is less severe than the secondary one as it develops in the testicles itself and shows specific early signs or symptoms. Also, it is easy to trace the tumors in the primary type of infection as they reach the lymph nodes quite late and can be curbed right in the early phases. In the secondary form of cancer, the tumors have their origin in organs other than the testicles and may reach the testicular areas only when the malignant cells generate a tendency to metastasize through lymph nodes or the bloodstream.
Diagnosis pattern and treatment plans vary according to the origin of tumors. Usually, a more severe treatment is necessary if the testicular cancer is of secondary type for many a times they might have developed in various areas simultaneously. Hence, surgery may not be the most feasible method and the person might need to undergo through other stern forms of cure patterns like exposure to radiation or the chemotherapy. Also, the chances of survival and life expectancy of the person depend on the timing of diagnosis and severity of the treatment.
Severe treatments may cause permanent or serious damage to the victim's testicular areas and weaken his ability to generate anti-bodies to fight infections. This is because the strong treatments like exposure to chemicals or radiations may also attempt to kill or damage a certain part of the areas adjacent to infected areas as a preventive cure to avoid further spread of cells. This makes the normal tissues and cells present near the treated areas to perform inefficiently due to lack of vital resources and anti-bodies.
Such inefficient cells have high chances of falling prey to infections and viral attack. These cells tend to behave abnormally with the course of time and make themselves vulnerable to another cancerous attack. Such abnormality and vulnerability leads to generation of lumps or polyps in the region. This is known as testicular cancer recurrence.
Polyps generated in the primary stages may be non-cancerous or benign in behavior and can be eliminated easily. Surgery is the most suitable method to eliminate such tumors thus, minimizing the sufferings side-effects to be caused to the patient.
Testicular cancer has a high survival rate and does not decrease considerably even if the tumors progress into higher stages. It is almost 100% for the first or initial stage and is around 90-95% for the middle phases. The survival rate dips to 70% in the last phase when the tumors start affecting the lymph nodes and also spread to other vital areas. Thus, the chances of recurrence of the disease are quite less and a patient can be treated successfully even if the he faces recurrence.
Factors Affecting Testicular Cancer Recurrence
Redevelopment of tumors in the testicles can be avoided by following certain restrictions and precautionary measures. It also depends upon a variety of factors like age and geographical location. The disease is highly common in young people between 20 and 40 years and the chances of falling prey to the infection increase with age. Also, the cancer is more common in Caucasian people as compared to the black ones. Thus, the numbers of cases detected in Asian and African areas are less than those occurring in Europe and America.
Personal medical history and family background of the disease may put a person at risk and increase the chances of the recurrence of testicular cancer. Proper dietary pattern and active lifestyle can be very beneficial in strengthening the internal resistance and immune system of the person and prevent him from regeneration of malignant cells in the testicular areas.
Persons infected by Human Papillomavirus or infections and other disorders related to the testicular areas should be very particular about their health concerns and look out for presence of lumps in the scrotum, testicles, penis or abdominal areas.
Testicular cancer recurrence can be fatal or highly dangerous if left unattended for a long time. Previous treatment of testicular cancer does no guarantee prevention of any such cancerous attacks in future. Hence, everyone is prone to recurrence of the disease and needs to undergo regular medical tests to minimize the chances or recurrence in future.