Testicular Cancer Stages
Testicular cancer stages are the main indicators of the growth of malignant polyps in the testicular region. Pattern of diagnosis and severity of treatment depends on the stage of testicular cancer a person is suffering from. Survival rate and life expectancy vary from stage to stage and is highest in the first stage while lowest in the last one. Stages of the disease also help to understand the metastatic behavior of tumors and help in tracing their possible locations.
Meaning and Significance of Testicular Cancer Stages
Testicular cancer is a form of malignant growth that develops primarily in the testicles and may also impact other areas like the penis, prostate, anus or the abdominal areas. The cancer may also spread to the lungs and create complications in breathing. Size and intensity of the polyps vary from stage to stage and depend upon the amount of cancer cells generated in the area. Change in size of tumors is one of the most vital indicators of increase in the severity of the disease.
Testicular cancer develops in a systematic manner and the malignant cells gradually increase their scope. Pattern of development of tumors is usually divided into four different stages with the first stage being the least severe and the fourth one being the most intense. Stages of the disease can be understood by proper diagnosis of tumors and interpreting the symptoms correctly.
Stages of testicular cancer are very helpful to calculate life expectancy and survival rate of the patient and treat him accordingly. The disease occurs only in males and is more prevalent in people below 40 but above 20 years of age. Thus, the disorder mainly targets young people and is more common in those belonging to Caucasian race. Black people are comparatively less prone to testicular cancer with less than 2 cases occurring in every 100,000 people. On the contrary, more than 6 out of every 100,000 white people are vulnerable to cancerous attack in the testicles.
Understanding stages of testicular cancer is important for proper and efficient treatment of polyps and for preventing their recurrence in the testicular or other parts of the body. Treatments for testicular cancer are usually harsh and may affect the person's health and normal working abilities to a great extent. Surgery is the most common method to get rid of tumors in the testicles and may also be done in combination with other forms of therapies like exposure to chemicals and radiations. Understanding stages helps in choosing the most effective cure pattern for the disorder so that the sufferings of the person and side-effects of the treatment are minimized.
Testicular Cancer Stages
Testicular cancer progresses in three main stages while the fourth stage is quite similar in intensity to the third one.
Stage 1 is a condition in which the malignant cells limit to the testicles and do not penetrate to other important areas like the penis, prostate or abdomen. Usually, testicle is removed by surgical methods to examine the cancerous growth. The surgery undertaken to remove testicles is commonly known as radical inguinal orchiectomy. It is very easy to eliminate tumors at this stage and the survival rate is almost 100%.
Stage 2 is a case where the tumors start spreading to adjacent areas of the testicles and also reach the lymph nodes situated in the abdomen. Removal of testicle becomes mandatory to examine the malignant growth some preventive measures need to be taken to avoid the infection from spreading further. Tumor-size may vary from 2-5 cm or may even go beyond 5cm if the malignant growth is rapid and uncontrollable. Survival rate is quite well in this stage and is usually above 90%.
Stage 3 is actually considered to be the final stage of testicular cancer as the polyps spread to some of the most vital organs like lungs, abdominal region or the head and neck areas. In some cases, the cancer cells may also spread to bones, liver or kidney. Stern forms of testicular cancer treatments like chemical or radiation treatment are necessary to tackle polyp-growth and can be combined with the surgical methods. Survival rate may range from 70-95% depending upon the spread of lumps and timing of diagnosis.
Stage 4 is actually much similar to the last phase of stage 3 and the tumors continue to spread further. Treatments and survival rate for this stage are much similar to stage 3.
Recurrent Stage is a phase where the tumors or malignant polyps reappear in the testicular areas and the whole cycle of tumor-development and abnormal cell-division repeats. Survival and prognosis rate is low in the persons suffering from recurrent phase as compared to those suffering from the first occurrence of the disorder. Treatments recommended are usually same as those prescribed during the first occurrence of the disease but may vary in intensity. Also, the person may take more time for mental and physical recovery from the recurrent phase.
Testicular cancer stages are just an approximate and not the exact indications of the status of polyp-development in the testicular areas. Nature of stages may be different for primary and secondary form of cancer and the victim may not show similar symptoms. One needs to be particular about concerns and regular about medical checkups. It is always better to treat the tumors before they infect other major organs like the abdomen or lungs.