Testicular Cancer Surgery

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Testicular cancer surgery is the safest method to get rid of tumors that originate and develop in the testicles or other adjacent areas like scrotum and penis. Surgery can yield best results if undergone right in the initial stages. It can also be undergone with other forms of treatment and is usually safe with very few side-effects.

What is testicular cancer surgery?

Testicular cancer is a form of polyp-development in the testicles and can metastasize or spread to other areas adjacent to testicles. Metastasis of tumors usually gets severe in the third stage of the disease and poses risk to the overall testicular health. Things get worse in the fourth stage when the malignant cells reach lymph nodes and start spreading to other areas of the body.

Surgery for testicular cancer is a method in which the tumors are eliminated by surgical methods right in the initial phases so that the further damage to the testicular areas is avoided. Surgery can be undergone in various forms and usually depends upon the areas in which the tumors are spread. Pattern of surgery also depends on the type of cancerous infection. Primary cancer of the testicles is easy to treat by surgical methods as the tumors develop originally in the testicles and are easy to locate in the early phases.

Secondary form of testicular cancer makes the process of detection of tumors complicated and time-consuming. Thus, it is comparatively difficult to eliminate tumors that develop in the testicles in the secondary form of cancer as the tumors have already started to metastasize.

Surgery for testicular cancer also depends on the chances of complete elimination of tumors. If the chances of elimination are less than the desired level, surgery can be undergone in combination with other forms of treatments like exposure of lumps to chemicals or radiations. Such combinations of different treatments should be exercised carefully as overdose of chemicals or radiations may put a severe impact on the person's body and also cause permanent damage to the testicular areas.

Forms of Testicular Cancer Surgery

Surgeries for testicular cancer can be of various different types and the pattern may vary from one patient to another though both of them happen to be going through the same stage. Type of surgery to be undergone also depends on the origin and scope of malignant growth. Surgery may not be the best option if the tumors are spread to distant areas like lungs, prostate or abdomen.

Radical inguinal orchiectomy is a common form of testicular cancer surgery and is recommended if the tumors are limited to the testicular areas. The surgery is carried out by removal of infected testicle to examine the severity and scope of cancerous growth. The testicle is removed by creating an opening in the scrotum. It is necessary to remove both the testicles if the cancerous cells are spread to whole of the testicular area. This procedure can be helpful if the chances of complete elimination of malignant growth are high. One has also to consider the chances of recurrence of polyps in the testicles and treat the patient accordingly.

Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is a kind of surgical treatment recommended if the malignant growth reaches the lymph nodes. Infected lymph nodes in the testicular areas or the abdominal areas need to be removed on urgent basis and the cancer cells travel to other areas of the body primarily through lymph nodes.

Laparoscopic surgery is a kind of diagnostic surgery conducted by passing a laparoscope into the testicular areas of the person. The tool is passed into the body by making a small incision and internal areas of the person's body are tested to detect polyps or tumors. Open, key-hole and nerve-sparing are some of the major patterns of surgery. Open surgery is a process in which large cut is made through the abdominal areas of the person in order to reach the testicles. The surgery is quite tedious and the patient requires much time to recover fully. Nerve-sparing surgery is the one in which the lymph nodes are removed without causing any severe harm to important nerves in the affected region. Key-hole surgery is conducted by making small cuts or holes in the person's body (usually the abdominal areas). Then, a camera is passed to have the view of the inner areas and long surgical instruments are used to carry out the surgery. This is one of the safest surgical methods and the person is able to recover in a considerably small amount of time.

Testicular cancer surgery can be very helpful to maximize the chances of survival of a person and treat the tumors with minimum side-effects. Proper dietary habits along with a healthy and active lifestyle are the key to avoid recurrence of cancer tumors in the testicles or other areas like scrotum and penis and make the most out of surgical treatment. Thorough diagnosis is very important before opting for a particular form of surgery.

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