Testicular Cancer Therapy
Testicular cancer therapy is a set of methods or techniques recommended to control or eliminate cancerous growth in the testicles. It can be in the form of regular medication or preventive techniques and is based on the intensity of polyps and the likelihood of eliminating them safely and completely.
Testicular cancer therapy concept
Testicular cancer develops in the testicles and spreads to other areas gradually. Primary and secondary forms are the two types of cancers. Primary testicular cancer is a condition in which the malignant cells form and develop tumors in the areas of testicles and have ability to spread through metastasis. Secondary type of cancer of the testicles is a situation in which the cancerous polyps produce in other organs or parts of the body. Such polyps tend to metastasize if not treated in time and have a good chance of reaching the testicles. Both the cancers can be fatal or cause major sufferings to the victim if not diagnosed well and treated efficiently.
Testicular cancer therapy is a process of getting rid of the polyps or tumors that grow in the testicles. It takes all the major variations into consideration and recommends the most suitable therapy for the patient. Quality of therapy influences the survival rate of the victim and also alters his life expectancy. Better therapy results into higher life expectancy and also minimizes the chances or probability of recurrence of tumor cells in the testicular or other areas.
Therapy for testicular cancer also focuses on strengthening the immune system of the person and lowering the side-effects of the cancer treatment. It includes everything from the detection and examination of tumors to recommending the most suitable treatment or cure pattern for the victim. Therapy also includes post-treatment care of the patient and the restrictions one must follow after being treated for the disease.
Factors to be considered during testicular cancer therapy
Testicular cancer originates in the testicles and thus, only males are prone to the disease. It is not a very common form of cancer and accounts for only a small number of cancer-deaths. People falling within the age group of 20-40 years are quite prone to the disease. Cancer of the testicles is highly curable and has an excellent survival rate of almost 100% in the last stage. Survival rate is usually considered from the time of diagnosis. Even if a person gets diagnosed for this cancer in the second or third stage, his chances of survival are almost 90%. More than 70 out of every 100 persons undergoing the fourth stage of testicular cancer survive well if gone through proper treatment pattern.
Most of the persons suffering from testicular cancer belong to the Caucasian race. North America and Europe are most hit by the disease while the numbers of cases are quite less in African and Asian continents. Also, the disorder occurs in very less numbers in black people as compared to white ones.
Therapy for testicular cancer can also be affected by other abnormalities like the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Sexually-transmitted diseases like AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) may impact the person's body badly and decrease his resistance power to oppose cancerous development. Habits like smoking, eating tobacco, drinking alcohol and consumption of other carcinogenic substances may benefit the cancerous cells to develop more freely and create complications in the therapy process.
Types of testicular cancer therapy
Surgery is the most preferred therapy if the tumors are detected in the first or second stage of the disease. It can be carried out in various forms and may include partial or complete removal of the infected area depending upon the scope of malignant growth. Radical orchidectomy or inguinal orchiectomy is a kind of surgical procedure in which the infected testicle is removed to examine the presence of cancerous cells Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection (RPLND) is another important form of surgery recommended if the malignant growth has already metastasized to the lymph nodes nearby testicular areas.
Chemotherapy is a kind of testicular cancer treatment involving exposure of tumors or malignant growth to chemicals. The treatment can be undertaken along with surgery if the conditions and physical as well as mental sustainability of the victim permits to do so. This treatment has considerable side-effects and should be supported with a reliable post-treatment care.
Radiation therapy is an advanced form of cancer treatment and focuses on burning or damaging the infected cells. Tumors are exposed to harmful radiations which either kill them or make them inactive. Such therapy can also be undertaken in combination with surgery and can be quite effective if taken at the right time. Radiotherapy has a high number of ill-effects and should be undergone under thorough medical supervision.
Testicular cancer therapy can be reliable and effective if the victim undergoes good post-treatment care. Recurrence of tumor cells can be very harmful for the victim and decrease the chances of survival. Also, recurrent tumors are hard to diagnose and treat and take more time to heal. Proper therapy pattern should be supported with balanced diet and healthy lifestyle to get the optimum benefits out of the treatment.