Cancer

Throat Cancer Therapy

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Throat cancer is type of tumor that occurs in the inner lining of throat .This tumor is of serious type and mainly occurs in the inner lining of throat area. This cancer affects more than 30,000 people every year in America. The survival rate of this cancer is around 5 to 6 years. It is extremely important to cure this cancer at early stages or it can result into further complications. Throat cancer therapy includes various therapies that are a part of treatment of this tumor. These therapies help the patient in dealing with maintain and physical aspects of the tumor.

Before studying throat cancer therapies it is very important to have a brief idea about the symptoms, diagnosis and causes of the tumor.

Symptoms of throat cancer are as follows:-

  • Constant fever
  • Constant cough
  • Swelling in the area of throat
  • Difficulty in swallowing food
  • Coughing up of blood
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Sore throat
  • Constant sound of wheezing

It is very important to consult a doctor as soon as any of the above symptoms is observed.

Throat Cancer Therapy:-

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Photodynamic therapy

Explanation of throat cancer therapy:-

  • Chemotherapy :-

    Chemotherapy is considered as one of the common treatments on throat cancer. This treatment is well known for destroying the tumor and the malignant cells completely from the body. In this treatment several drugs are prescribed which travel throughout the body and destroy the widespread of malignant cells. This therapy is generally avoided by doctors and is only used in severe stages. The substances present in the drugs are harmful for our body and can have severe side effects. Hence this therapy is set in certain time intervals. Hair loss, weight loss and apetitete loss and change in the color of skin and rashes on skin are some of the side effects of the disease

  • Radiation therapy:

    Radiation therapy is considered as one of the highly effective treatments on this tumor. In this therapy highly transmissible radioactive waves are used for the treatment of this tumor. These waves travel throughout the body and kill the tumor and the spread of malignant cells. This treatment has no side effects on the body. It is time saving and expensive

  • Palliative therapy:

    Palliative therapy is considered as one of the finest therapies on throat cancer care. This therapy has an emotional, physical, social and spiritual approach for the cure of the tumor. It involves inputs from surgeons, nurses, psychologists, pharmacists and social workers for the cure of the disease. The specialty of this treatment is that it can be conducted on any patient irrespective of their age and stage of the tumor. It provides relief from the distress that is caused by the symptoms of the disease.

  • Targeted therapy:

    This therapy involves prescription of medications that help to block the tumor. These medications when injected at the location block the tumor and the malignant cell in the respective areas. Later all these cells are removed from the body with the help of a surgery. This therapy is highly recommended for the treatment of this tumor as it has zero side effects on the body.

  • Photodynamic therapy:

    In this therapy a combination of photosynthesizing agents and light is used for the cure of this tumor. This treatment is also known as PDT. A certain therapeutic wavelength is created at the location of the tumor. The combination of photosynthesizing gents and light destroys the tumor and the spread of malignant cells from the body completely.

Throat cancer therapies should be conducted as soon the tumor gets diagnosed. This increases the chances of survival and reduces the risk of side effects caused by the medications prescribed.

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