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Thyroid Cancer Life Expectancy

Cancer » Thyroid Cancer » Thyroid Cancer Life Expectancy

Thyroid cancer life expectancy basically vary depending on the age, general health, type of thyroid cancer and stage at which it is diagnosed. As per a general survey, it is observed that papillary and follicular cancer have good chances of survival for the patients while curing medullar thyroid cancer is little tricky. For medullar thyroid cancer the five year survival rate is nearly 83 percent and the ten year survival rate is about 65 percent.

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Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the deadly form of this cancer that cut shorts the life expectancy of the person drastically. In some cases, it is observed that patient with this type of cancer cannot survive for more than six months after diagnosis. Fortunately, this type of thyroid gland cancer occurs rarely.

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms

There are few common symptoms which are usually observed in the patient undergoing thyroid cancer:

  • Lump in the thyroid gland
  • Swelling on the neck
  • Coughing
  • Drastic change in voice or hoarseness
  • Bulging in thyroid gland
  • Discomfort while swallowing
  • Pain in neck and throat

If anyone discovers these symptoms, they need immediate medical consultation and checkup for further treatment.

Thyroid Cancer Prognosis

The overall prognosis of thyroid cancer is fine. Normally, the prognosis of this type of cancer in younger patient is better as compared to those above 40 years of age. Patients who have undergone thyroid cancer treatment must take hormone pills of thyroid for rest of their lives.

Prognosis of thyroid cancer varies for different forms of thyroid cancers:

  • Follicular thyroid cancer- Follicular thyroid carcinoma usually develops and spread quickly into other tissues. It has better prognosis and have greater chances of cure.

  • Papillary thyroid cancer - Papillary carcinomas often develops gradually. This gives the patient enough time to take proper treatment and get cured.

  • Medullary thyroid cancer - Prognosis of this type of cancer varies. Women below 40 years of age has good outcome of treatment.

  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer - This type of carcinoma has very worst outcome. It is one aggressive form of thyroid cancer that may end into death within six months

What Are Possible Complications?

Thyroid cancer is allied with few complications:

  • Hoarsens and damage to voice chamber post surgery of thyroid gland
  • Spread of cancer cells into the bones, lungs and other body organs
  • Decrease in the levels of calcium due to the inadvertent removal of the parathyroid glands in surgical treatment.

Thyroid Cancer Life Expectancy in Stage 4

When the doctor examines that a person has cancer, the first thing he would analyze is the stage at which the cancer has developed. The development of cancerous tumor is defined in numerical terms. Stage1 is considered as the initial stage of cancer which is least invasive. Stage 2 is when the cancer spreads into the nearby lymph nodes. At stage 3, the cancerous cells move into nearby organs. Stage 4 is the last stage when the cancer cells becomes more aggressive and gets spread into distant organs which make it difficult for the doctor to remove the cancerous cells from the body completely.

It is the most progressed stage in which the thyroid cancer life expectancy of the patient is very less. Stage 4 thyroid cancers have around 94 percent of five year survival rate which is considered as the second-highest life expectancy among other types of cancers.

Thyroid Cancer Treatment and Follow Up

It is mandatory to keep a periodic follow up for all the thyroid cancer patients who has undergone thyroid cancer treatment. This helps the patient to avoid the recurrence of cancer in few cases after the actual successful primary treatment. The follow ups after the treatment require a careful physical examination of the neck area. This may also include blood tests which indicate if your body needs any changes in the doses of the thyroid hormone. These blood tests are meant to measure the TSH and T4 levels in addition to the thyroglobulin, thyroid cell protein which is the key source of the thyroid cancer marker.

The TSH level can be adjusted to lowered down by the using the thyroid hormone dose. In case, if the thyroglobulin level is still visible despite of the low decrease in the level of TSH, it means that the potential thyroid cancer cells are still operating in the body. This changes and findings may lead towards additional examinations and further treatment procedure with surgery or use of radioactive iodine. In few thyroid cancer patients, the accurate measurement of thyroglobulin is difficult to find due to the presence of the intrusive antibodies in the blood. In addition to the regular blood check up, doctors may ask the patients to carry out a whole-body iodine scan on periodic basis to evaluate the presence of thyroid cells.

Thyroid cancer life expectancy of a patient can be increased by carrying out periodic follow up after the treatment, as it contributes to evade the return of the cancer. Some types of thyroid cancers develop gradually and hence can be controlled and cured well.

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