Thyroid Cancer Treatment

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Thyroid Cancer treatment involves certain diagnostic tests like laryngoscopy, TSH (Thyroid secreting hormones) tests, CT scan, MRI, biopsy are among the few tests that enables an individual to have a clear picture of his/her condition. After being diagnosed by thyroid cancer an individual can choose the treatment procedure most suitable to his/her case as advised by an endocrinologist or a thyroidologist after a clinical study.

The Thyroid Cancer treatment may vary pertaining to the type of thyroid cancer. It is classified as follows

  • Papillary thyroid cancer
  • Follicular thyroid cancer
  • Medullary thyroid cancer
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer

The papillary thyroid cancer is the most common in masses and has the best recovery statistic along with follicular thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid cancer is developed in cells which develop and maintain calcium in blood and can also be hereditary. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the most radical of all, though very uncommon.

The treatments of this type of cancer range from chemotherapy to anaplasty or surgery; a patient should discuss the pros and cons of various treatment procedures with the doctor about its side-effects and follow-throughs.

Thyroid Cancer Treatments:


Surgery is a method of Thyroid Cancer treatment which ensures minimal side-effects and is widely used. However surgeries can damage the voice box or affect the calcium content due to damage sustained by parathyroid glands during the surgical procedure. The surgeries differ depending upon the extent to which the cancer has spread.

  • Complete exsection of thyroid (Thyroidectomy)
  • Exsection of cancer-effected lymph nodes (Lymphadenectomy)
  • Exsection of the cancer-effected lobe (Lobectomy)


Chemotherapy is a process wherein the drugs are either injected in the patient or taken through mouth. Chemotherapy can really boost a patient's prognosis if the cancer is detected in an early stage. They can be injected in thyroid glands affecting only the region to which cancer has spread. Chemotherapy can also cause adverse side effects to the body of an individual. Some of the side-effects are weight-loss, hair-loss, loss of appetite etc., though some patients have recovered to live a normal and healthy life post-chemotherapy.


Radiation process eliminates the cancer-affected cells and hence restricts the spread of the cancer. High frequency X-Rays are passed through the affected cells and hence eradicating them. X-Rays technique is one of the many radiation techniques in use today. Radioactive Iodine therapy is used in the cases of papillary and follicular thyroid cancers. The radiations can be external or internal depending on the stage of the cancer. Internal radiations are done with the use of syringes or catheters.

Hormone Therapy

TSH attrition is achieved to limit its functioning or it is either removed in order to suppress the growth of the cells. These hormones if not treated might result in growth of more cells which increase the risk of spreading the cancer further, or else it might lead into recurrence of malignant behavior of cells. These patients are then subjected to drugs that facilitate hormone replacement.

Clinical Trial

This is a unique process in which the patient can be part of a dynamic process unlike the above standard procedures. In this method the patient is under the oncologists who are directly involved in cancer research. Patients may receive a new method of treatment and hence directly assist the research with their feedbacks and hence taking the research on thyroid cancer treatment onward. However patients must think thoroughly before accepting to be a part of something that is yet to be part of the standard treatment procedures.

Follow-ups are an integral part of the prognosis. They ensure that the patient is handling the effects of the thyroid cancer treatment well and within the accepted parameters. They can also enable to check whether the cancer is recurring. In case of which the patient is required to have further treatment. Hormone-inducing drugs are prescribed to the patient for the hormones due to improper hormone secreting glands as a result of the treatment.

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