Tongue Cancer Life Expectancy and Survival Rate

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Tongue cancer diagnosis is scary. Tongue cancer is a form of oral cancer that develops in the tongue covering flat cells. Cancer that develops into the front two -third part of the tongue is considered as oral cancer, while the cancer that develops on the back third part is considered as throat or oropharnygeal cancer. Tongue cancer is a rare type of cancer, and most patients diagnosed with it are in the age group of 60 -70 years. Tongue cancer life expectancy depends on several factors such as the stage of the cancer, the treatment options to be used, general health as well as the age of the patient.

It is a thumb rule that if the cancer is diagnosed early, the patient should have better prognosis. Staging of cancer is significant, since it influences the prognosis and selection of the appropriate treatment option. Tongue cancer staging can also be help to determine the tongue cancer survival rate of a patient. Cancer staging is based on the extent at which the cancer cells have spread in to the body. Tongue cancer survival rate is based on the data from several different patients averaged or lumped together. Two patients at same tongue cancer stage may not have exactly similar symptoms. So, when it's about determining the long term survival rate along with the prognosis, one patient with stage IV tongue cancer may not have the same condition as the other patient with same stage.

What are the stats of tongue cancer life expectancy?

It is fact that majority of tongue cancer patients are men above 40 years. Use of tobacco increases the risk of tongue cancer; since men are the major users of tobacco products the rate of occurrence is much more in men as compared to their female counterparts. Due to the advancement in technology, the percentage of mortality due to tongue cancer has decreased since 1980. In America almost 8,000 people die due to tongue cancer each year. Regular cancer related checkup after the age of 40 is recommended. For the people in the age group of 20-39 years, this checkup should be performed once in three years. Statistics helps to get a rough idea about seriousness of the disorder worldwide.

Smoking in combination with high rate of alcohol consumption (at heavy rate) is the potential risk factor for developing oral cancer. Heavy smokers are at high risk (24 times more) of getting tongue cancer. Smoking cigarettes, pipes or cigars, or using snuff or chewable tobacco is the prime risk factors which lead up to 80 to 90 percent of oral cancers. Although, 25percent of people diagnosed with tongue cancer are not allied with any of these risk factors.

Tongue Cancer Survival Rate

The overall tongue cancer survival rate is nearly 50 percent. Similar to other cancer types, the survival rates for tongue cancer are greatly based on the diagnosed stage of the cancer.

  • If the cancer is localized, the five year survival rate for the patient could be 75 percent.
  • If the cancer reaches at regional stage during diagnosis, it means the tumor has spread into the nearby lymph nodes then the five year survival rate is slightly above 50 percent.
  • If the cancer is diagnosed at distant stage, meaning when the cancer cells have spread in most parts of the body, the five year survival rate is nearly 30 percent.

Symptoms of tongue cancer involves white and red patches on the tongue, bleeding in mouth, development of sores that do not cure, tongue pain, persistent earache in neck due to development of lump along with difficulty in swallowing. This cancer can spread into the tissues and lymph nodes of the neck, which may eventually get spread into other body parts such as bones, liver and lungs. If you undergo any if these symptoms, make sure to visit your doctor immediately. This will help you to diagnose the cancer early and thus increase your tongue cancer life expectancy.

Being aware of the significance of regular medical checkup can help you diagnose the cancer in early stages. Early tongue cancer diagnosis is the primary step to increase the five year tongue cancer survival rate. Tongue cancer life expectancy for each individual may vary as per the condition of the patient, since location and stage of the cancer have great impact on the prognosis as well.

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