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Tonsil Cancer Diagnosis

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Tonsil cancer diagnosis is common in the people who are aged between 30 to 50 years rather than those who were aged above 60 years. This cancer was seen more commonly in the male gender in the beginning but now it is very common in both the genders. This is a cancer which should be detected on time as there are times when the cancer can metastasize and will lead to death due to the cancer of some other organ. In the younger generation, this cancer develops in the people who are sexually active. The main symptoms or ways of self detection are difficulty in swallowing the food, a sore throat for a very long duration and swelling observed in the region of the neck and the head.

PET Scanner for Tonsil Cancer Detection The most common way of tonsil cancer diagnosis is done by the primary care physicians. These are people who do not use any sort of machines but just a mirror to look right inside the throat and see some sort of development in the throat. This is the process which is also used for detection any abnormal cells in the region of the throat or tonsils. If any sort of abnormality is seen, then the patients are screened with better sexual habits and more tests are allotted so that the cancer can be checked in a better way and the stage of the cancer can also be identified. The detection of the cancer identifies the stage of the cancer and also gives a chance to give the correct and the most appropriate type of therapy. Tonsil cancer detection is done by an Otolaryngologist who is a nose, throat and ear specialist.

When the doctor feels that the cancer has reached an advanced stage, the first step for its detection is done by removing a small sample of the tissue from an area which is affected and checked under a micro scope. Various types of images are clicked of the area under treatment so that the exact type, shape, size and location of the cancer can be detected. This will make it easier for the doctor to cure tonsil cancer.

The main way of tonsil cancer diagnosis is done by histological examination of the strange cells found in the body and by a tissue biopsy. The tumors which have become big in size or the ones which are difficult to treat are removed by the doctor and local anesthesia is given to the patients. It is called as an excision biopsy.

The are four ways of tonsil cancer detection: -

  1. CT scan: - This is the most initial type of test which is performed by the doctor to detect this cancer. This test is also called as computerized tomography, computed tomography, or computerized axial tomography. In this test, a specific type of solution or a dye is given to the patients to be swallowed so that there is a higher visibility of the organs of the body.

  2. Positron Emission Topography (PET) scans: - This is a scan which is used for the detection of secondary tumors in the body of the patients. In this type of detection a method a special liquid is given to the patients. The name of this mixture is fluoro-de-oxyglucose (F-18 FDG). It is combined with sugar and is inserted in the body of the patient via the veins. This is a type of scan which is done on the patients who the doctor feels that the cancer has metastasized.

  3. MRI: - The magnetic resonance imaging is done to see the small size tumors in the body. In most of the cases, these are tumors in the dental cavity, throat and the bone marrow.

  4. Triple endoscope:- In context with tonsil cancer, this method of tonsil cancer diagnosis is also called as pharyngoscopy, naso, esophagoscopy , laryngo, and bronchoscopy. In this method of detection, a thin tube is inserted into the throat. The end of the throat has a light and a camera attached. In some cases this tube may also be inserted via the nose instead of the throat.

Tonsil cancer detection can take place with the help of various ways and also allows the patient to be treated well and more accurately. This is a cancer which will metastasize in the third stage itself and will try to capture whole of the oral cavity if not treated on time. It is necessary to get this cancer detected on time before it causes a major damage at a later stage.

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