Cancer

Vulvar Cancer Detection

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Vulvar cancer detection is generally performed after vulvar cancer symptoms occur. The symptoms that are commonly seen in vulvar cancer are as follows,

  • Vulvar area itches
  • Bleeding from the vulva
  • Area around the vulva becomes tender
  • Irregular shape or mass in vulva
  • Pain in vulva

Proper medical tests should be carried out once these symptoms occur. According to statistics of vulvar cancer, the most common age group for this cancer is 68 years. Early vulvar cancer diagnosis may help in curing it. If proper medical treatments are skipped after symptoms or detection of vulvar cancer, there are chances of it to spread and cause further damage. The two basic test that help detect vulvar cancer after the symptoms occur are as follows:

  • Physical exam and previous medical history: A complete body checkup is performed on the patient's body. Specifically, the vulva is checked for any abnormal areas that may predict vulvar cancer. The previous medical history is also important to understand the exact problem suffered by the patient. The medical history mainly consist of the previous treatments given to the patient, reports of the drugs and vaccines given to the patient, patient's habits and other important things. Habits like excess smoking and drinking or having sexual relationship with more than two partners, these are the risk factors of vulvar cancer.

  • Biopsy: Biopsy is largely used for the detection of vulvar cancer. During the biopsy examination, samples from the patient's vulva are taken to study the presence of any cancer tumor. This job is mainly done by the pathologist. The results from biopsy examination are reliable and help the doctors to start the treatment accordingly.

Vulvar cancer is of two types, primary and secondary. The primary vulvar cancer is detected in the vulva whereas the secondary vulvar cancer is found in different parts of the body. The spreading of vulvar cancer from vulva to other parts leads to the secondary vulvar cancer.

Vulvar Cancer DetectionVulvar cancer treatment is usually done by surgery. It also depends upon the area where vulvar cancer is present. The size and the spread of vulvar cancer are also the important aspects considered while giving the treatment. After detecting the exact location of the cancer, its size and the spread, the exact stage of vulvar cancer is calculated.

There are many different examinations which help the doctors to find the exact location and size of the cancer. Some of the frequently used examinations are as follows:

  • Pelvic Exam: In pelvic exam, a detailed study of patient's vagina is done to check for any abnormal areas. The doctor inserts the speculum into the patient's vagina and looks for any sign of disease.

  • Cystoscopy: During this exam, the doctor enters cystoscope into the bladder. Many times, the virus spreads to the nearby organs. Cystoscopy helps to detect virus in bladder and urethra.

  • Proctoscopy: The proctoscopy procedure is same as that of cystoscopy. In this exam, proctoscope is inserted into the anus and rectum to detect any abnormal areas or tumor.

  • X-rays: The x-ray photo is the photo of internal organs of the human body. The photo is usually taken to detect any abnormal areas or the cancer itself.

  • IVP (Intravenous Pyelogram): Different x-ray photos of kidneys and nearby organs are taken to search the cancer tumor. A medical dye is passed into a vein which then moves to these organs. This is specifically done to search for any blockages.

  • Computed tomography (CT) Scan: It is same as that of the intravenous pyelogram test. In this test x-ray photos of different body organs are checked for diseased tissues. A medical dye is injected into a vein which helps to change the color of the tumor tissues. This test is also known as computed tomography.

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): This examination is used to visualize internal structures of vulva, ureters, bladder, kidneys and rectum. This test helps to detect the presence of tumor in these areas.

Vulvar cancer research helps to detect and cure cancer at an early stage. The detection of vulvar cancer further clarifies the exact stage of vulvar cancer. There are basically four stages of vulvar cancer. The detection of stage helps the doctors to start the required treatment. The earlier stages require less attention whereas the later stages of this cancer require emergency treatments. Early detection also helps to increase your life expectancy of vulvar cancer patient.

Vulvar cancer detection tests should not be avoided even if there is a slightest sign of vulvar cancer symptom. The early cancer diagnosis helps to avoid further spreading of cancer and painful medical therapies on vulvar cancer.

Wish you a happy and healthy life.

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