Vulvar Cancer Research

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Vulvar cancer research started after the detection of this cancer in the late nineteenth century. However this research got momentum in early twentieth century due to rise in detection of vulvar cancer. Initially as the cancer was uncommon, most of the patients diagnosed with vulvar cancer died. This led to a detailed and fast research for new treatments to cure this disease.

The vulvar cancer breakthrough has given patients hope to survive. Many treatments have been invented by doctors, inventers and scientists to cure this disease. Various new therapies are introduced to prevent and overcome this cancer.

Research is being conducted all over the world to study the facts about how different geographical conditions can affect this cancer. Other facts like smoking and drinking habits, race and previous medical history are also looked into to make progress and invent new treatments.

According to vulva cancer statistics, approximately 3000 new cases diagnosed each year and survival rate was 71.5%. Scientists are making progress in inventing new drugs and vaccines to prevent and cure this virus. The inventions of drugs like cetuximab and erlotinib have helped many patients to overcome this disease. These drugs do not have any side effects like that of chemo drugs and thus are beneficiary for all patients.

Many important inventions to cure the vulvar cancer have been made so far. Some of them are given below,

  • Surgery: This is one of the biggest researches made for curing vulvar cancer. This method helps to remove the cancer completely without harming any other body organs of the patient. Also it is the most reliable treatment to remove the cancer present in vulva region. The further researches made in surgery are as follows,

    • Local Radical Excision: During this treatment, a large part of healthy tissue along with the vulvar cancer tumor is removed. If the cancer has spread too much then the lymph nodes are also removed. This minimizes the probability of cancer recurrence.

    • Local Wide Excision: During this treatment, nearby tissues of the cancer prone area is removed. This treatment is same as that of local wide excision.

    • Radical vulvectomy: In this treatment, all the affected organs such as the vulva, clitoris and lymph nodes are removed.

    • Vulvectomy: In this treatment, a part of vulva or the entire vulva is removed.

  • Laser Therapy: This is one of the oldest and largely used treatments to treat vulvar cancer. In this treatment, an intense light beam is passed through the vulvar region to kill the cancer tumor.

  • Chemotherapy: Vulvar Cancer ResearchA lot of improved drugs are used during this therapy. During this therapy a chemical is passed through the patient's vein. This chemical reaches the cancer prone region through the blood stream. This chemical is used to restrict the multiplication of the cancer cells.

  • Pelvic exenteration: This treatment is mostly used when the cancer is diagnosed in its later stages. During this stage, the cancer is spread to the major part of vulva, rectum, bladder, cervix, lymph nodes and the ovaries. In this treatment, all the organs that are affected with the cancer tumor are removed and an artificial opening is made in the lower body for the urine and stool to pass.

  • Radiation Therapy: In this treatment, high energy beams in the form of x-rays are used to kill the cancer cells. These rays are exposed to the area where the cancer is present. These intense rays kill the cancer cell within a short period of time.

  • HPV Vaccines: This vaccines help to improve body's immunity level. Gardasil vaccine prevents vulvar cancer caused by HPV types sixteen and eighteen. This vaccine also helps to destroy the virus and cure the infection before the cancer develops.

  • Combining Surgery, Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy: By inventing this treatment, the recurrence of vulvar cancer has restricted to a high extent. Earlier the recurrence rate of vulvar cancer was high as it used to recur after five to ten years. But by combination of these three treatments, recurrence of vulvar cancer is restricted.

The vulvar cancer research helps the patients to recover effectively, and live a normal life. Different clinical trials are conducted for vulvar cancer research. Many hospitals, organizations, doctors, researchers and scientists arrange for such trials to find new treatments, therapies and vaccines to prevent or treat or to increase life expectancy of vulvar cancer patients. Doctors conduct them to learn new treatments and their side effects. Patients taking part in such treatments may benefit from new treatments. These trials help future cancer patients thus making an important contribution to medical science.

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